Italy's ancient city of Rome is at the heat of Lazio (also known as Latium) - and the city has shaped the region's viniculture through the centuries of changing historical influence. Like many Italian wine regions, Lazio's vine heritage is ancient. Its first inhabitants were the Etruscans, though it was the Latin's who gave the area its name Latium. The Romans brought the region into another era by improving trade and agriculture, although after the collapse of the Roman Empire the land was neglected. Only in the 1870's, when Rome became the capital of Italy, did this wine region flourish once again.